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2022-07-30
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Wu Hequan: Industrial interconnection provides new momentum for economic growth

in the past 15 years, the growth rate of digital economy is 2.5 times that of global GDP. It can be seen that digital economy has become an important driving force for global economic development. In the digital economy, digital industrialization and industrial digitalization are the two core driving factors. Some data show that the impact of industrial digitalization is three times or even five times that of digital industrialization

industrial digitalization is to use new Internet technologies and applications to transform traditional industries in an all-round, all angle and all chain way, improve all factor productivity, and release the amplification, superposition and multiplication of digital on economic development

industrial interconnection is the key to promoting the digital economy, and it is also the key to industrial digitalization at this stage. Wu Hequan, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said at the inaugural meeting of the digital China Industrial Development Alliance held on January 22. Industrial interconnection is so important, but in Wu Hequan's view, the joint development of its development laboratory and the beverage company grape wine · libina · 3 Deli also faces great challenges, and appropriate strategies and ideas are needed

industrial interconnection and consumer interconnection

as we all know, China's consumer interconnection has achieved unparalleled development, leading the world, but industrial interconnection is totally different

first of all, consumption interconnection is common, while the digital transformation of industry is individual in different industries and even different enterprises in the same industry. Secondly, consumer Internet terminals are simple in variety, low in use threshold, easy to be popularized and upgraded, while industrial digital transformation involves many types of traditional production equipment, long business chains and complex service models, and has high requirements for infrastructure, technology, capital, talents and security. Third, the application of consumer interconnection is basically from scratch, while industrial digitalization is the transformation of the existing production mode and the realization of process reengineering. Finally, different from the winner take all pattern of consumer Internet, industrial digitalization needs more leading enterprises in subdivided fields. Although ICT enterprises can play a leading role in the digital transformation of real industries, the main body is real economy enterprises

therefore, there are completely different ideas for developing industrial interconnection and consumption interconnection. The focus of consumer interconnection is networking and public. The focus of industrial interconnection is intra enterprise and IOT. There is usually no need for global networking within enterprises. Although enterprises do not need to establish their own standards, the diversity of equipment makes standardization very difficult. The enterprise digital transformation is not simply to transform the enterprise with the consumption interconnection mode. It needs to transform the existing ICT technologies and standards in combination with the enterprise needs, and then generate greater added value in the enterprise application

a life of confidence, dream, struggle and dedication

the development of China's industrial interconnection needs to supplement the course of industrial automation at the same time. In addition, because all kinds of software are basically imported, it can only solve the problem of networking without solving the problem of autonomous and controllable software, and it can not realize the original intention of industrial interconnection. Wu Hequan said

the development of industrial interconnection needs to be implemented by enterprises.

on the one hand, industrial interconnection needs the comprehensive integration of Industrial IT technology and industrial ot elements. The former includes ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), MES (Manufacturing Execution System), SCADA (monitoring and data acquisition), PLC (programmable logic controller), sensors and reactors, etc. the latter includes material characteristics and functions, machine accuracy and automation, process efficiency, measurement and monitoring, maintenance and after-sales service, data and knowledge modeling, management, etc

on the other hand, China's enterprises are uneven in terms of scale, equipment and technology. A large number of small and medium-sized enterprises are unable to carry out digital transformation on their own. Therefore, the government needs to establish a non-profit platform to provide technical support and intermediary services for enterprises and the majority of innovation entrepreneurs

Internet development has entered a turning point

Wu Hequan said that network is the foundation of digital economy, but Internet development has entered a new stage. Since its emergence in 1969, the Internet has gone through 50 years, and China has been fully connected to the Internet for 25 years. The Internet penetration rate in China will exceed 60%. However, the demographic dividend of the Internet is also gradually drifting away, and the Internet has entered a middle-aged trouble period

obviously, the Internet has entered the second half, and the development of consumer Internet in 2019 needs to pay attention to the new direction. Wu Hequan believes that the Internet has been integrated into all aspects of social life, and the demand for basic necessities of life is continuous, and will not change greatly because of the hot and cold economy. In addition to taking the lead in the domestic e-commerce field, China's consumer Internet still has a lot of room for development in education, medical care, elderly care, tourism and so on. Consumption interconnection still deserves attention and efforts

industrial interconnection provides new momentum for economic growth

Wu Hequan said that 5g, AI, industrial interconnection and industrial IOT will bring new momentum to China's and global economic growth

in terms of 5g, according to a study by Qualcomm, by 2035, 5g will drive global output to increase by an average of 4.6% to $12.3 trillion, of which, in, it will bring China nearly $1trillion in GDP growth and nearly 10million in employment growth

in terms of artificial intelligence, according to McKinsey's report, by 2030, artificial intelligence will contribute an additional $13 trillion to the global GDP growth, with an average annual growth of 1.2%, which is comparable to the invention of steam engine in the 19th century and the industrial robot in the 20th century, laying the foundation for the company's future rapid growth and information technology in the 21st century. Accenture predicts that AI will become a new factor of production by 2035, which is expected to increase China's labor productivity by 27%, and the GDP will reach about 800million yuan from 6.3% to 7.9%, which is equivalent to an increase of $7.1 trillion in the total economic added value

in terms of industrial interconnection, Accenture predicts that by 2030, industrial interconnection will bring us $14.2 trillion in global economic growth. McKinsey's research report shows that the industrial fields related to industrial interconnection may generate US $11.1 trillion in annual global revenue by 2025. The reports of the world bank and Ge even believe that the industrial added value corresponding to global industrial interconnection will reach US $82trillion in 2025, accounting for 50% of the GDP of that year. Market institutions also predict that global industrial interconnection will account for 22.4% of the overall IOT market by 2020; By 2035, the scale of China's industrial interconnection market will exceed 13 trillion yuan

obviously, the development and application of technology have opened up a new space for economic growth. However, despite the rapid development of the new generation ICT technology in China, there is still a big gap compared with the United States. The core technology products of ICT, such as CPU, DSP and operating system, are still the weak points of China. The GDP difference between China and the United States in 2018 is less than double, but the scale of China's ICT market is less than half of that of the United States. It can be seen that there is still a big gap in China's ICT industry, and there is also a lot of room for development

the key to the development of digital economy is still innovation driven. Blindly following the trend without a reasonable business model will ruin good things. It takes a painful shuffle to achieve nirvana. The success of Internet enterprises is difficult to replicate. Only innovation can last forever. To develop the digital economy, it is also necessary to combine the national conditions and the enterprise's own situation, and walk out of a digital economy development road with Chinese characteristics. Wu Hequan said

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